Orthopaedics is one of the vast branches concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system and associated muscles, joints and ligaments. Orthopaedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, spine diseases, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumours and congenital disorders. Many developments in orthopaedic surgery helps in correcting of musculoskeletal deformities.
Orthopaedic specialists involves in the diagnosis of injury or disorder, treatment with medication, exercise, casting, surgery or other options, rehabilitation by recommending exercises or physical therapy to restore movement, strength and function, prevention with information and treatment plans to prevent injury or slow the progression of disease. Orthopaedists also specializes in certain areas such as the foot and ankle, spine, shoulder, hand, hip or knee. Orthopaedic surgeon takes a history of illness or injury and then do a physical examination; this may be followed by diagnostic studies such as x-rays or blood tests that enables to discuss the diagnosis, enabling to select the best treatment plan so that the patient can live an active and functional life.